Developing Entrepreneurial Mindset for Transformational Entrepreneurship: The Case of Nordic Transformative Learning Circles
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionJournal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation (JEMI). 2019, 15 (4), 77-106. https://doi.org/10.7341/20191543
Developing entrepreneurial thinking and mindset has recently been on the agenda of the EU policy makers and is a matter of educators’ concern. Traditional approaches to entrepreneurial educati on fail to address the ambiguities of the entrepreneurial process. This paper sets out to explore the learning processes that contribute to developing an entrepreneurial mindset for transformational entrepreneurship. Transformati onal entrepreneurship refers to a capability and an intended action towards creating change in the life of an entrepreneur and organization which contributes to societal changes and is characterized by the emergence of a new qualitative dimension of possibilities (Staff as, 2017). In order to promote transformati onal entrepreneurship, a particualar adult learning model known as Transformative Learning Circles was elaborated by Nordic Network for Adult Learning with the support of Nordic Council of Ministers. This article is based on the study of the pilot implementation of the TLC model in the context of Nordic countries. The findings reveal that learning processes promoti ng entrepreneurial mindsets for transformational entrepreneurship occur in three parti cular phases: 1) framing the praxis; 2) amplifying the frame of reference; and 3) reinterpreting the praxis. The study extends current knowledge about entrepreneurial learning in two ways. First, it links the key factors influencing entrepreneurial learning to concrete learning processes facilitati ng the development of an entrepreneurial mindset for transformative entrepreneurship. Second, it illustrates how these key factors may be uti lized together in one learning model reinforcing the learning and transformative effect. Keywords: entrepreneurial mindset, transformational entrepreneurship, learning circles, entrepreneurial learning process
This is an open access article under the CC BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode).