Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorKristiansen, Vidar Roald
dc.contributor.authorHandeland, Tore Bergby
dc.contributor.authorLau, Bjørn
dc.contributor.authorSöderström, Kerstin
dc.contributor.authorHåkansson, UIrika
dc.contributor.authorØie, Merete Glenne
dc.identifier.citationAddictive Behaviors Reports. 2019en_US
dc.description© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.description.abstractAims: Impairments in reflective functioning are known to have adverse effects on the ability to display sensitive parenting as a caregiver. Several factors are associated with impairments in reflective functioning, such as impaired executive functioning and experienced trauma. We investigated how these factors contribute to an impaired reflective functioning style, such as pathological certain or uncertain reflective functioning. Extreme scores on these two subscales reflect two kinds of impairments in reflective functioning. We assessed executive functions, reflective functioning, and trauma in 43 mothers diagnosed with substance use disorders (SUD). Methods: Certain or uncertain reflective functioning were assessed using the Reflective Functioning Questionnaire 8 (RFQ-8). Executive functions and trauma were assessed by administering various questionnaires, interviews and neuropsychological tests. Results: High uncertain reflective functioning was more than six times as common (odds ratio) in mothers reporting high amounts of trauma in childhood and adolescence compared with mothers reporting low amounts of trauma. Impaired executive functions were also significantly associated with high uncertain reflective functioning. Certain reflective functioning did, however, not show any significant associations. Conclusion: When the SUD mothers give information about relational trauma in childhood and adolescence, it might therefore be worth investigating and addressing the potential tendency to have an uncertain reflective functioning style.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectparental reflective functionen_US
dc.subjectaversive experiencesen_US
dc.titleTrauma in childhood and adolescence and impaired executive functions are associated with uncertain reflective functioning in mothers with substance use disorderen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalAddictive Behaviors Reportsen_US
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for sosialfag og veiledning
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for psykologi

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal