Rehabilitation of the frail older adults in primary healthcare in rural areas: a scoping review protocol
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionBMJ Open. 2021, 11 (6), 1-5. 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-048820
Introduction Frail older adults are particularly vulnerable to functional decline and adverse outcomes because they lack the necessary resistance and ability to cope. Rehabilitation services for the frail older adults are thus vital and require clarification. The aim of this review is to identify and map the scope and breadth of literature regarding rehabilitation of the frail older adults to develop a holistic rehabilitation service in primary healthcare in rural areas. The concept of rehabilitation, how rehabilitation services are organised, how patients and next of kin are involved in planning and evaluating services during rehabilitation, as well as reported results will be identified and mapped. Methods and analysis This scoping review will be conducted based on the methodology developed by Arksey and O’Malley. The search strategy will aim to locate both published and unpublished studies in relevant databases. Key information sources include CINAHL, MEDLINE, Embase, ProQuest and Google Scholar. Data will be extracted from papers that all three reviewers have chosen to include in the review. All three reviewers will participate in screening, assessment and selection of studies against the inclusion criteria for the review and work in teams of two. The full text of selected citations will be assessed in detail against the inclusion criteria by the same teams. Data will be extracted from papers included in the scoping review by two of the reviewers. Modifications will be detailed in the full review report. Any disagreements that arise between two reviewers will be resolved through discussion or with the third reviewer’s mediation. A narrative summary of the findings will be presented accompanied by tables that reflect the objective of the review. Ethics and dissemination Data will be obtained only from already publicly available materials. Special ethical approval is, therefore, not required.