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dc.contributor.authorWeiss, Fabio
dc.contributor.authorMichler, Frank Uwe
dc.contributor.authorGillich, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorTillmann, Jörg
dc.contributor.authorCiuti, Simone
dc.contributor.authorHeurich, Marco Dietmar
dc.contributor.authorRieger, Siegfried
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental Management. 2022, .en_US
dc.description.abstractConservation grazing uses semi-feral or domesticated herbivores to limit encroachment in open areas and to promote biodiversity. However, we are still unaware of its effects on wild herbivores. This study investigates the influence of herded sheep and goats on red deer (Cervus elaphus) spatial behavior by testing three a-priori hypotheses: (i) red deer are expected to avoid areas used by livestock, as well as adjacent areas, when livestock are present, albeit (ii) red deer increase the use of these areas when sheep and goats are temporarily absent and (iii) there is a time-lagged disruption in red deer spatial behavior when conservation grazing practice ends. Using GPS-telemetry data on red deer from a German heathland area, we modelled their use of areas grazed by sheep and goats, using mixed-effect logistic regression. Additionally, we developed seasonal resource selection functions (use-availability design) to depict habitat selection by red deer before, during, and after conservation grazing. Red deer used areas less during conservation grazing throughout all times of the day and there was no compensatory use during nighttime. This effect mostly persisted within 21 days after conservation grazing. Effects on habitat selection of red deer were detectable up to 3000 meters away from the conservation grazing sites, with no signs of either habituation or adaption. For the first time, we demonstrate that conservation grazing can affect the spatio-temporal behavior of wild herbivores. Our findings are relevant for optimizing landscape and wildlife management when conservation grazing is used in areas where wild herbivores are present.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectTargeted grazingen_US
dc.subjectHeathland conservationen_US
dc.subjectDry grasslanden_US
dc.subjectHabitat selectionen_US
dc.subjectResource selection functionsen_US
dc.titleDisplacement Effects of Conservation Grazing on Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) Spatial Behaviouren_US
dc.title.alternativeDisplacement Effects of Conservation Grazing on Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) Spatial Behaviouren_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400en_US
dc.source.journalEnvironmental Managementen_US

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