A model of factors influencing deck officers' cyber risk perception in offshore operations
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionMaritime Transport Research. 2022, 3 . 10.1016/j.martra.2022.100065
Offshore operations onboard vessels are increasingly reliant on digitalization, integration, automation, and networked-based systems, which creates new dimensions of cyber risks. The causes of cyber incidents often include complex relationships between humans and technology, and in offshore operations, the onboard crew can be both a cyber security risk and a vital resource in strengthening the cyber security. This makes the behaviour of the decisionmakers onboard important in both preventing and handling cyber risks at sea. By use of in-depth interviews and the constant comparative analysis (CCA), this paper investigates factors influencing deck officers’ cyber risk perception in offshore operations and presents a contextual model of these factors. The model indicates that deck officers’ cyber risk perception can be affected by a feeling of distance towards cyber risks, being more restricted in their working environment because of digitalization, and trust in their reliable cyber-physical systems and suppliers. Further, targeted cyber risk mitigation measures should be implemented on multiple levels in shipping companies. The measures may benefit from focusing on increased risk communication, operational training, awareness campaigns, vessel-specific procedures, and policies, in addition to increased communication from management regarding the demand for digitalization. With this approach, the contextual model can contribute to the ongoing work of developing targeted measures for cyber risk mitigation in the maritime domain and can be used as a point of departure for further studies to discover additional nuances and factors within cyber risk perception in this domain.
JournalMaritime Transport Research
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Cyber Operator Competencies: The Role of Cognitive Competencies in Cyber Operator Practice and Education Jøsok, Øyvind (Ph.d.-avhandling i barn og unges deltakelse og kompetanseutvikling;17, Doctoral thesis, 2020)The theme of this thesis is the role of cognitive competencies in cyber operator practice and education. Cyber operator practice is a new field of research where the importance and attention is growing rapidly. Research ...
Knox, Benjamin James; Lugo, Ricardo Gregorio; Sütterlin, Stefan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)Cyber Defence Exercises (CDX) are common training and learning tools. A recently discussed challenge in cyber defence teaching and training is the gap between the fast technological advancement accompanied by rapidly ...
Camera Stabilization in 360° Videos and Its Impact on Cyber Sickness, Environmental Perceptions, and Psychophysiological Responses to a Simulated Nature Walk: A Single-Blinded Randomized Trial Litleskare, Sigbjørn; Calogiuri, Giovanna (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)Immersive virtual environments (IVEs) technology has emerged as a valuable tool to environmental psychology research in general, and specifically to studies of human–nature interactions. However, virtual reality is known ...