The criticality of transport and export activities in the economic prosperity of high-middle income countries: the role of logistics performance
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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This study considers the economic importance of export activities, logistics performance and transportation services as key agents of sustainable development. Considering this aspect of economic development, this study investigates the mediating role of logistics performance in determining the effects of export and transporta-tion on the economic growth of the panel data of 35 emerging upper-middle income countries over the period 2008–2018. By employing the economic growth model and considering essential indicators, this investigation addresses key aspects of development in the examined economies. The empirical results show that logis-tics performance, exports, human capital, and population have a statistically significant impact on economic growth with respec-tive elasticities of 0.28, 0.36, 1.25, and negative 0.05. Importantly, the study reveals that logistics performance moderates the effect of export and transportation on economic growth, thus aiding the sustainable development of upper-middle-income countries by increasing export-economic growth elasticity from 0.36 to 1.26. Although transportation services do not influence economic growth independently, its economic importance became signifi-cant with elasticity of 1.113 when logistics performance is improved. Therefore, policy makers in upper-middle-income coun-tries should maintain strict macroeconomic policies that could effectively engineer the sustainable export of goods and services and ensure high-quality logistics performance even in the transport sector.