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dc.contributor.authorLarsson, Ulf Gerry
dc.contributor.authorHöglund, Madelene
dc.contributor.authorHenrysson, Jonas
dc.identifier.citationManagement Research Review. 2023, 1-13.en_US
dc.description.abstractPurpose The Indirect Leadership Questionnaire (ILQ) is constructed to measure important parts of a theoretical model of indirect leadership to be used in leadership courses for high-level managers. The ILQ consists of 15 model-derived items plus extra space that provides for free-text comments. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the ILQ, its predictive power and practical usefulness in indirect leadership courses and to evaluate the indirect leadership model in the light of new data. Design/methodology/approach The study sample consisted of 225 higher managers and 6–10 of their subordinates (total: 1,703). The latter were working at least two hierarchical levels below their higher manager. The managers made self-ratings, and the subordinates rated their respective higher manager using the ILQ. Findings Results showed that the ILQ has acceptable psychometric properties in terms of dimensionality (two model-compatible factors were obtained), reliability, discriminability and predictive power. Previous problems with many “Don’t know” responses from subordinates working two or more hierarchical levels below their higher manager were considerably reduced. A qualitative analysis of the free-text responses showed that indirect leadership behaviors that can be seen as inspirational influence and communication skills should be more emphasized in future indirect leadership courses. The leaders’ personality, task-related competence and performance-orientation were also highlighted more than in the indirect leadership model. Research limitations/implications It was concluded that the ILQ is a useful tool in indirect leadership courses but that it is too limited to be used as a basis for theory development of indirect leadership. Originality/value The ILQ has acceptable psychometric properties and provides an easy-to-use tool to gain practical, usable knowledge of the “how’s” of indirect leadership.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleTest of a brief scale designed to measure high-level managers’ indirect leadershipen_US
dc.title.alternativeTest of a brief scale designed to measure high-level managers’ indirect leadershipen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalManagement Research Reviewen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal