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dc.contributor.authorLien, Lars
dc.contributor.authorBonsaksen, Tore
dc.contributor.authorStea, Tonje Holte
dc.contributor.authorKleppang, Annette Løvheim
dc.contributor.authorSteigen, Anne Mari
dc.contributor.authorLeonhardt, Marja
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-16T09:41:46Z
dc.date.available2024-02-16T09:41:46Z
dc.date.created2024-01-03T09:48:32Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.citationPLOS ONE. 2023, 18 (12), .en_US
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11250/3118109
dc.description.abstractBackground Research has shown increased mental health problems and use of prescription drugs among adolescents in recent years and social media use has been linked to poorer mental health. However, trend studies concerning these topics are scarce. The purpose of this study was to analyze gender-specific trends in a) symptoms of depression and loneliness, and b) prescription of antidepressants, hypnotics and sedatives, in relation to the emergence of social media among adolescents in Norway. Methods This is an ecological study using data from the ‘Young in Oslo’ surveys from 1996 to 2021. The surveys included approximately 110 000 students, 14–17 years of age, and yielded a response rate varying from 95% in 1996 to 64% in 2021. A self-report questionnaire was used to collect information on symptoms of depression and loneliness. Information on antidepressant and sleep medication prescription was retrieved from the Norwegian Prescription Database for the age group 15 to 19 years. A graphical approach and logistic regression models were used to examine gender-specific time-trends between 1996 to 2021. Results We found a doubling in self-reported symptoms of depression and loneliness among girls between 1996 and 2021, with the steepest increase in the period from 2006 to 2012, when Facebook and other social media were introduced. A similar trend was observed in the prescription of antidepressants among girls, with the steepest increase between 2011 and 2013. Among both boys and girls, ‘worried too much about things’ and ‘had sleep problems’ were the two symptoms with the greatest changes. Conclusion A significant upward trend in self-reported depressive symptoms and medication use was observed over the past 25 years, with variations in the rate of increase, including a steeper trajectory during certain periods immediately after the introduction of social media platforms in Norway.
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.no*
dc.titleTime trends in self-reported depressive symptoms, prescription of antidepressants, sedatives and hypnotics and the emergence of social media among Norwegian adolescentsen_US
dc.title.alternativeTime trends in self-reported depressive symptoms, prescription of antidepressants, sedatives and hypnotics and the emergence of social media among Norwegian adolescentsen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.description.versionpublishedVersion
dc.source.pagenumber15en_US
dc.source.volume18en_US
dc.source.journalPLOS ONEen_US
dc.source.issue12en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0295384
dc.identifier.cristin2219586
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.qualitycode1


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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal